> Oceanography > Issues > Archive > Volume 22, Number 1

2009, Oceanography 22(1):110–127, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.12

Biodiversity of Cold Seep Ecosystems Along
the European Margins

Authors | Abstract | Full Article | Citation







Authors

Ann Vanreusel | Marine Biology Research Group, Universiteit Gent, Gent, Belgium

Ann C. Andersen | Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC), and Equipe Ecophysiologie: Adaptation et Evolution Moléculaires, UMR 7144 - Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) - UPMC, Station Biologique, Roscoff, France

Antje Boetius | Microbial Habitat Group, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, and Jacobs University, Bremen, Germany

Douglas Connelly | Geology and Geophysics Group, National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK

Marina R. Cunha | Centro de Estudos do Ambiente e do Mar (CESAM), Departemento de Biologia, Universidade de Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, Aveiro, Portugal

Carole Decker | Deep-Sea Ecosystem Department, Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer (Ifremer), Centre de Brest, Plouzané, France

Ana Hilario | CESAM, Departemento de Biologia, Universidade de Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, Aveiro, Portugal

Konstantinos A. Kormas | Department of Ichthyology and Aquatic Environment, University of Thessaly, Nea Ionia, Greece

Loïs Maignien | Laboratory of Microbial Ecology and Technology (LabMET) and Renard Center for Marine Geology (RCMG), Universiteit Gent, Gent, Belgium

Karine Olu | Deep-Sea Ecosystem Department, Ifremer, Centre de Brest, Plouzané, France

Maria Pachiadaki | Department of Chemistry, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece

Benedicte Ritt | Deep-Sea Ecosystem Department, Ifremer, Centre de Brest, Plouzané, France

Clara Rodrigues | CESAM, Departemento de Biologia, Universidade de Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, Aveiro, Portugal

Jozée Sarrazin | Deep-Sea Ecosystem Department, Ifremer, Centre de Brest, Plouzané, France

Paul Tyler | National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK

Saskia Van Gaever | Marine Biology Research Group, Universiteit Gent, Gent, Belgium

Heleen Vanneste | School of Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton, UK

Top



Abstract

During the European Commission's Framework Six Programme, HERMES, we investigated three main areas along the European margin, each characterized by the presence of seep-related structures exhibiting different intensity of activity and biological diversity. These areas are: (1) the Nordic margin with the Håkon Mosby mud volcano and many pockmarks, (2) the Gulf of Cádiz, and (3) the eastern Mediterranean with its hundreds of mud volcanoes and brine pool structures. One of the main goals of the HERMES project was to unravel the biodiversity associated with these seep-associated ecosystems, and to understand their driving forces and functions, using an integrated approach. Several multidisciplinary research cruises to these three areas provided evidence of high variability in ecosystem processes and associated biodiversity at different spatial scales, illustrating the "hotspot" nature of these deep water systems.

Top



Full Article

Download 787 KB pdf

Top



Citation

Vanreusel, A., A.C. Andersen, A. Boetius, D. Connelly, M.R. Cunha, C. Decker, A. Hilario, K.A. Kormas, L. Maignien, K. Olu, M. Pachiadaki, B. Ritt, C. Rodrigues, J. Sarrazin, P. Tyler, S. Van Gaever, and H. Vanneste. 2009. Biodiversity of cold seep ecosystems along the European margins. Oceanography 22(1):110–127, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.12.

Top