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Volume 24 | Number 1 | Supplement | March 2011

New Frontiers in Ocean Exploration:
The E/V Nautilus 2010 Field Season

Citation | Foreword | Table of Contents | Full Report | References






Citation

Bell, K.L.C., and S.A. Fuller, eds. 2011. New Frontiers in Ocean Exploration: The E/V Nautilus 2010 Field Season. Oceanography 24(1), supplement, 40 pp, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.24.1.supplement.

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Foreword

This supplement to the March 2011 issue of Oceanography is dedicated to the first series of missions conducted by the Exploration Vessel (E/V) Nautilus in 2009 and 2010. Our hope is to produce a similar summary report each year so that highlights of data collected by Nautilus will be available to the oceanographic community as soon as possible.

Nautilus is one of America's two ships of exploration supported by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA's) Office of Ocean Exploration and Research; the other is NOAA ship Okeanos Explorer. NOAA's program in ocean exploration evolved out of a recommendation in the 2001 report of President Clinton's Panel on Ocean Exploration entitled Discovering Earth's Final Frontier: A US Strategy for Ocean Exploration. The US Commission on Ocean Policy further endorsed the program in its 2004 report, An Ocean Blueprint for the 21st Century.

Both of these Presidential reports recommended that NOAA's newly formed Office of Ocean Exploration needed dedicated ships that would make it possible to conduct exploratory missions in remote areas of the world not routinely visited by America's existing academic research fleet.

Because the Nautilus program is exploratory in nature and represents the interests of the oceanographic community as a whole, it requires implementation of a new "telepresence" paradigm that makes it possible for experts from shore to assist in command of the undersea vehicle operations moments after a new discovery is made, no matter where or when that discovery occurs. The work carried out by E/V Nautilus and Okeanos Explorer is being executed with this paradigm in mind; both vessels are directed by advisory groups drawn from members of the oceanographic community.

As a result, both ships and the undersea vehicles they operate are equipped with control centers connected via a high-bandwidth satellite link to the Inner Space Center at the University of Rhode Island's Graduate School of Oceanography. Using Internet2, the images and data collected aboard E/V Nautilus, for example, are transmitted to a growing network of remote science consoles at various research centers across the United States and around the world, where scientists participating in this program are located. Referred to as the Doctors-on-Call network, these remote consoles make it possible for shore-based scientists to communicate with the operational team aboard ship in real time, and to help direct the ship's activities, vehicles, and shipboard team.

Telepresence technology also makes it possible for students, teachers, and the public to participate in the exploration being carried out aboard Nautilus. "Educators-at-Sea" are on every expedition, working with the shipboard team to transmit undersea video, along with the discussions being conducted by the at-sea team standing watch at that moment, to the Inner Space Center and then distributed on http://www.nautiluslive.org. This Web site also makes it possible for people to ask questions of the shipboard team in real time.

Through this supplement, we hope to excite your interest in participating in our exploration and telepresence program by joining the Doctors-on-Call network and/or by using the preliminary results summarized here as the basis for more detailed investigation. At a minimum, we hope you will visit our Web site during the next exploration program and witness moments of discovery in real time.

— By Robert D. Ballard

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Table of Contents

Foreword.........................................................................................................................................1
Introduction......................................................................................................................................3
About the Authors............................................................................................................................4
Location Map...................................................................................................................................6
Exploration Vessel (E/V) Nautilus....................................................................................................8
E/V Nautilus Vehicles.......................................................................................................................9
The Development of Telepresence Technology for Remote Exploration and Education................10
The Doctors-on-Call Program: Maximizing the Interpretive Power of Telepresence.......................11
Education and Outreach Activities Enabled by Telepresence Technology.....................................12
Development of High-Resolution Underwater Mapping Techniques...............................................14
Landscape Imaging of the Southeast Aegean Sea........................................................................18
Maritime History of ANZAC Cove....................................................................................................20
Exploration of the Anaximander Mud Volcanoes.............................................................................22
Exploration of the Kolumbo Volcanic Rift Zone...............................................................................24
Mapping of a Debris Avalanche Offshore Santorini Volcano..........................................................26
Exploring the Nisyros Submarine Volcanic Field............................................................................27
Discovery of Sinkholes and Seeps on Eratosthenes Seamount....................................................28
Archaeological Discoveries on Eratosthenes Seamount...............................................................30
Potential Marine Mammal-Induced Seafloor Scours on Eratosthenes Seamount...........................31
Exploring the Continental Margin of Israel.....................................................................................32
Maritime History of the Crimean Continental Shelf.........................................................................34
Epilogue........................................................................................................................................36
Acknowledgements........................................................................................................................38
References....................................................................................................................................40

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Full Report

20.9 MB pdf

Single printed copies are available upon request from info@tos.org.

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References

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