2013, Oceanography 26(2):191–195, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2013.27
Katherine E. Mills | School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine and Gulf of Maine Research Institute, Portland, ME, USA
Andrew J. Pershing | School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine and Gulf of Maine Research Institute, Portland, ME, USA
Curtis J. Brown | Gulf of Maine Research Institute, Portland, ME, USA
Yong Chen | School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine, Orono, ME, USA
Fu-Sung Chiang | Institute of Applied Economics, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung, Taiwan
Daniel S. Holland | Conservation Biology Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Seattle, WA, USA
Sigrid Lehuta | Institut Français pour la Recherche et l'Exploitation de la Mer, unité Halieutique Manche-Mer du Nord, Boulogne sur Mer, France
Janet A. Nye | School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA
Jenny C. Sun | Gulf of Maine Research Institute, Portland, ME, USA
Andrew C. Thomas | School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine, Orono, ME, USA
Richard A. Wahle | School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine, Darling Marine Center, Walpole, ME, USA
Climate change became real for many Americans in 2012 when a record heat wave affected much of the United States, and Superstorm Sandy pounded the Northeast. At the same time, a less visible heat wave was occurring over a large portion of the Northwest Atlantic Ocean. Like the heat wave on land, the ocean heat wave affected coastal ecosystems and economies. Marine species responded to warmer temperatures by shifting their geographic distribution and seasonal cycles. Warm-water species moved northward, and some species undertook local migrations earlier in the season, both of which affected fisheries targeting those species. Extreme events are expected to become more common as climate change progresses (Tebaldi et al., 2006; Hansen et al., 2012). The 2012 Northwest Atlantic heat wave provides valuable insights into ways scientific information streams and fishery management frameworks may need to adapt to be effective as ocean temperatures warm and become more variable.
Mills, K.E., A.J. Pershing, C.J. Brown, Y. Chen, F.-S. Chiang, D.S. Holland, S. Lehuta, J.A. Nye, J.C. Sun, A.C. Thomas, and R.A. Wahle. 2013. Fisheries management in a changing climate: Lessons from the 2012 ocean heat wave in the Northwest Atlantic. Oceanography 26(2):191–195, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2013.27.
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