Oceanography > Issues > Archive > Volume 27, Number 2

2014, Oceanography 27(2):18–23, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.56

COMMENTARY | A Framework for a Marine Biodiversity Observing Network Within Changing Continental Shelf Seascapes

Authors | First Paragraph | Full Article | Citation | References







Authors

Frank E. Muller-Karger | College of Marine Science, University of South Florida, St. Petersburg, FL, USA

Maria T. Kavanaugh | Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), Woods Hole, MA, USA

Enrique Montes | College of Marine Science, University of South Florida, St. Petersburg, FL, USA

William M. Balch | Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, East Boothbay, ME, USA

Mya Breitbart | College of Marine Science, University of South Florida, St. Petersburg, FL, USA

Francisco P. Chavez | Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, CA, USA

Scott C. Doney | WHOI, Woods Hole, MA, USA

Elizabeth M. Johns | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Miami, FL, USA

Ricardo M. Letelier | Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA

Michael W. Lomas | Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, East Boothbay, ME, USA

Heidi M. Sosik | WHOI, Woods Hole, MA, USA

Angelicque E. White | Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA

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First Paragraph

Continental shelves and the waters overlying them support numerous industries as diverse as tourism and recreation, energy extraction, fisheries, transportation, and applications of marine bio-molecules (e.g., agribusiness, food processing, pharmaceuticals). Although these shelf ecosystems exhibit impacts of climate change and increased human use of resources (Halpern et al., 2012; IPCC, 2013, 2014; Melillo et al., 2014), there are currently no standardized metrics for assessing changes in ecological function in the coastal ocean. Here, we argue that it is possible to monitor vital signs of ecosystem function by focusing on the lowest levels of the ocean food web. Establishment of biodiversity, biomass, and primary productivity baselines and continuous evaluation of changes in biological resources in these economically and ecologically valuable regions requires an internationally coordinated monitoring effort that fully integrates natural, social, and economic sciences to jointly identify problems and design solutions. Such an ocean observing network is needed to protect the livelihoods of coastal communities in the context of the goals of the Future Earth program (Mooney et al., 2013) and of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (http://www.ipbes.net). The tools needed to initiate these assessments are available today.

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Full Article

1.18 MB pdf

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Citation

Muller-Karger, F.E., M.T. Kavanaugh, E. Montes, W.M. Balch, M. Breitbart, F.P. Chavez, S.C. Doney, E.M. Johns, R.M. Letelier, M.W. Lomas, H.M. Sosik, and A.E. White. 2014. A framework for a marine biodiversity observing network within changing continental shelf seascapes. Oceanography 27(2):18–23, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.56.

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References

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