Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society

Volume 29 | Number 3 | September 2016

Special Issue on GoMRI: Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Ecosystem Science

On the Cover: [CENTER] Deepwater Horizon oil rig prior to the April 2010 accident. Source: National Commission of the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling [CLOCKWISE FROM TOP LEFT] (1) Photo showing oil (brown blobs) inside a copepod nauplius of Parvocalanus crassirostris. Photo credit: Rodrigo Almeda (2) Jonathan Delgardio and Will Overholt (Georgia Institute of Technology) collect samples from a Pensacola Beach sand trench with oil layers. Photo credit: Markus Huettel (3) A chromatogram of oil that leaked from the Macondo well during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Each peak represents one of thousands of individual chemical compounds in the oil. Image courtesy of Bob Nelson, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (4) Splash resulting from impact of a raindrop on a 400 µm oil slick. Image credit: David W. Murphy, Johns Hopkins University (5) Fishers offload yellowedge grouper from a fishing vessel near Tampa, Florida. Photo credit: Steve Saul (6) Ocean color satellite imagery and high-resolution circulation models were used to delineate possible phytoplankton blooms. Fieldwork is needed to confirm these phenomena. Image credit: Ocean Weather Laboratory (7) Researchers found sea pansies and lined sea stars when trawling offshore of the Chandeleur Islands. This spring 2015 survey is helping to document mid- and higher-level consumer diversity and abundance across the northern Gulf of Mexico. Photo courtesy of the Alabama Center for Ecological Resilience (8) Consortium for Advanced Research on Transport of Hydrocarbon in the Environment drifter trajectories in the Gulf of Mexico superimposed on Aviso surface currents. Image credit: Edward Ryan and Tamay Özgökmen, University of Miami (9) Coastal Waters Consortium (CWC) researchers mark study sites in a marsh. Photo credit: CWC Consortium
Cover PDF
Volume 29 Issue 03
SPECIAL ISSUE FEATURES

Foreword to the GoMRI Special Issue
Colwell, R.R. 2016. Foreword to the GoMRI special issue. Oceanography 29(3):24–25, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.57.

Introduction to the Special Issue: An Overview of the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative
Shepherd, J., D.S. Benoit, K.M. Halanych, M. Carron, R. Shaw, and C. Wilson. 2016. Introduction to the special issue: An overview of the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative. Oceanography 29(3):26–32, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.58.

Enabling Data Sharing Through the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Information and Data Cooperative (GRIIDC)
Gibeaut, J. 2016. Enabling data sharing through the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Information and Data Cooperative (GRIIDC). Oceanography 29(3):33–37, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.59.

An Opportunity to Inform and Educate Through the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative: Outreach Efforts Surrounding the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
Benoit, D.S., L.A. Zimmermann, K.H. Fillingham, S.H. Sempier, N.M. Dannreuther, J.B. Ritchie, and K.M. Halanych. 2016. An opportunity to inform and educate through the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative: Outreach efforts surrounding the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Oceanography 29(3):38–45, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.60.

Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative: Engagement with Public Health, Risk Perception, and Risk Mitigation
Singer, B., and S.H. Sempier. 2016. Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative: Engagement with public health, risk perception, and risk mitigation. Oceanography 29(3):46–49, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.61.

Chemical Composition of Macondo and Other Crude Oils and Compositional Alterations During Oil Spills
Overton, E.B., T.L. Wade, J.R. Radović, B.M. Meyer, M.S. Miles, and S.R. Larter. 2016. Chemical composition of Macondo and other crude oils and compositional alterations during oil spills. Oceanography 29(3):50–63, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.62.

How Do Oil, Gas, and Water Interact Near a Subsea Blowout?
Socolofsky, S.A., E.E. Adams, C.B. Paris, and D. Yang. 2016. How do oil, gas, and water interact near a subsea blowout? Oceanography 29(3):64–75, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.63.

Methods of Oil Detection in Response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
White, H.K., R.N. Conmy, I.R. MacDonald, and C.M. Reddy. 2016. Methods of oil detection in response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Oceanography 29(3):76–87, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.72.

What Happened to All of the Oil?
Passow, U., and R.D. Hetland. 2016. What happened to all of the oil? Oceanography 29(3):88–95, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.73.

Over What Area Did the Oil and Gas Spread During the 2010 Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill?
Özgökmen, T.M., E.P. Chassignet, C.N. Dawson, D. Dukhovskoy, G. Jacobs, J. Ledwell, O. Garcia-Pineda, I.R. MacDonald, S.L. Morey, M.J. Olascoaga, A.C. Poje, M. Reed, and J. Skancke. 2016. Over what area did the oil and gas spread during the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill? Oceanography 29(3):96–107, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.74.

The Role of Dispersants in Oil Spill Remediation: Fundamental Concepts, Rationale for Use, Fate, and Transport Issues
John, V., C. Arnosti, J. Field, E. Kujawinski, and A. McCormick. 2016. The role of dispersants in oil spill remediation: Fundamental concepts, rationale for use, fate, and transport issues. Oceanography 29(3):108–117, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.75.

Marine Snow Sedimented Oil Released During the Deepwater Horizon Spill
Passow, U., and K. Ziervogel. 2016. Marine snow sedimented oil released during the Deepwater Horizon spill. Oceanography 29(3):118–125, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.76.

Weathering of Oil Spilled in the Marine Environment
Tarr, M.A., P. Zito, E.B. Overton, G.M. Olson, P.L. Adhikari, and C.M. Reddy. 2016. Weathering of oil spilled in the marine environment. Oceanography 29(3):126–135, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.77.

Responses of Microbial Communities to Hydrocarbon Exposures
Joye, S.B., S. Kleindienst, J.A. Gilbert, K.M. Handley, P. Weisenhorn, W.A. Overholt, and J.E. Kostka. 2016. Responses of microbial communities to hydrocarbon exposures. Oceanography 29(3):136–149, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.78.

Effects of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill on Coastal Marshes and Associated Organisms
Rabalais, N.N., and R.E. Turner. 2016. Effects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on coastal marshes and associated organisms. Oceanography 29(3):150–159, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.79.

How Did the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Affect Coastal and Continental Shelf Ecosystems of the Gulf of Mexico?
Murawski, S.A., J.W. Fleeger, W.F. Patterson III, C. Hu, K. Daly, I. Romero, and G.A. Toro-Farmer. 2016. How did the Deepwater Horizon oil spill affect coastal and continental shelf ecosystems of the Gulf of Mexico? Oceanography 29(3):160–173, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.80.

Impact of Oil Spills on Marine Life in the Gulf of Mexico: Effects on Plankton, Nekton, and Deep-Sea Benthos
Buskey, E.J., H.K. White, and A.J. Esbaugh. 2016. Impact of oil spills on marine life in the Gulf of Mexico: Effects on plankton, nekton, and deep-sea benthos. Oceanography 29(3):174–181, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.81.

How Did the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Impact Deep-Sea Ecosystems?
Fisher, C.R., P.A. Montagna, and T.T. Sutton. 2016. How did the Deepwater Horizon oil spill impact deep-sea ecosystems? Oceanography 29(3):182–195, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.82.

Seafood and Beach Safety in the Aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
Dickey, R., and M. Huettel. 2016. Seafood and beach safety in the aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Oceanography 29(3):196–203, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.83.

Synthesis and Crosscutting Topics of the GoMRI Special Issue
Farrington, J.W., K.A. Burns, and M.S. Leinen. 2016. Synthesis and crosscutting topics of the GoMRI special issue. Oceanography 29(3):204–213, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.84.

DEPARTMENTS

QUARTERDECK • Silver Linings: Disasters Can Produce Good Science
Kappel, E.S. 2016. Silver linings: Disasters can produce good science. Oceanography 29(3):5, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.64.

FROM THE PRESIDENT • TOS To Pilot a Mentoring Program for Ocean Science Graduate Students
Lozier, M.S. 2016. TOS to pilot a mentoring program for ocean science graduate students. Oceanography 29(3):7–8, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.65.

COMMENTARY • True Colors of Oceanography: Guidelines for Effective and Accurate Colormap Selection
Thyng, K.M., C.A. Greene, R.D. Hetland, H.M. Zimmerle, and S.F. DiMarco. 2016. True colors of oceanography: Guidelines for effective and accurate colormap selection. Oceanography 29(3):9–13, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.66.

COMMENTARY • North America’s Iconic Marine Species at Risk Due To Unprecedented Ocean Warming
Greene, C.H. 2016. North America’s iconic marine species at risk due to unprecedented ocean warming. Oceanography 29(3):14–17, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.67.

COMMENTARY • Assessing Student Learning of Oceanography Concepts
Arthurs, L. 2016. Assessing student learning of oceanography concepts. Oceanography 29(3):18–21, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.68.

RIPPLE MARKS • Coral Reef Discovered in an Unlikely Locale: The Amazon River’s Freshwater Plume
Dybas, C.L. 2016. Ripple marks—The story behind the story. Oceanography 29(3):22–23, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.69.

ROGER REVELLE COMMEMORATIVE LECTURE • Managing Leviathan: Conservation Challenges for the Great Whales in a Post-Whaling World
Clapham, P.J. 2016. Managing leviathan: Conservation challenges for the great whales in a post-whaling world. Oceanography 29(3):214–225, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.70.

THE OCEANOGRAPHY CLASSROOM • Why Wet Students Are the Best: The Ins and Outs of Fieldwork
Boxall, S. 2016. Why wet students are the best: The ins and outs of fieldwork. Oceanography 29(3):226–228, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.71.

CAREER PROFILES • Options and Insights
Career profiles—Options and insights. 2016. Oceanography 29(3):229–232.

Special Issue Guest Editors

Debra S. Benoit, Nicholls State University
Kenneth M. Halanych, Auburn University
John Shepherd, University of Southampton
Richard Shaw, Louisiana State University
Chuck Wilson, Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative

Sponsors

Production of this issue of Oceanography was supported by the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative.