Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society

Volume 30 | Number 2 | June 2017

Special Issue on Autonomous and Lagrangian Platforms and Sensors (ALPS)

On the Cover: Photos of several types of autonomous and Lagrangian platforms and sensors (ALPS) currently being deployed in the world ocean. 1. Propeller-driven REMUS 100 unmanned underwater vehicle used in Project Recover (from Terrill et al., 2017, in this issue). 2. Onboard image from a Liquid Robotics Wave Glider deployed off the coast of Iceland as part of an Extreme SeaState Study (photo courtesy of Liquid Robotics). 3. Wirewalker (photo courtesy of Tyler Hughen, Scripps Institution of Oceanography; see Lucas et al., and Omand et al., 2017, both in this issue). 4. Surface Velocity Program (SVP) drifter deployed in the Gulf Stream (photo courtesy of Luca Centurioni, Scripps Institution of Oceanography). 5. Air-Launched Autonomous Micro Observer (ALAMO) being loaded into the launch tube of a Hurricane Hunter C-130J (photo courtesy of Maj. Marnee Losurdo, USAFR; see Jayne and Bogue, 2017, in this issue). 6. Seaglider in the waters off the Maldives (photo courtesy of Luc Rainville, University of Washington). 7. Surface Wave Instrument Float with Tracking (SWIFT) in the Arctic (photo courtesy of Jim Thomson, University of Washington). 8. Drone footage of the Robotic Oceanographic Surface Sampler (ROSS) near a glacier in Alaska (photo courtesy of David Sutherland, University of Oregon; see Nash et al., 2017, in this issue). 9. ALAMO float in the water off Miami (photo courtesy of Robert Todd, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution).
Cover PDF
Volume 30 Issue 02

Autonomous Instruments Significantly Expand Ocean Observing: An Introduction to the Special Issue
Lee, C.M., T. Paluszkiewicz, D.L. Rudnick, M.M. Omand, and R.E. Todd. 2017. Autonomous instruments significantly expand ocean observing: An introduction to the special issue on autonomous and Lagrangian platforms and sensors (ALPS). Oceanography 30(2):15–17, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.211.

The Argo Program: Present and Future
Jayne, S.R., D. Roemmich, N. Zilberman, S.C. Riser, K.S. Johnson, G.C. Johnson, and S.R. Piotrowicz. 2017. The Argo Program: Present and future. Oceanography 30(2):18–28, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.213.

Air-Deployable Profiling Floats
Jayne, S.R., and N.M. Bogue. 2017. Air-deployable profiling floats. Oceanography 30(2):29–31, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.214.

Looking Ahead: A Profiling Float Micro-Rosette
Bresnahan, P., T. Martz, J. de Almeida, B. Ward­, and P. Maguire. 2017. Looking ahead: A profiling float Micro-Rosette. Oceanography 30(2):32, https://doi.org/​10.5670/oceanog.2017.215.

ASIP: Profiling the Upper Ocean
ten Doeschate, A., G. Sutherland, L. Esters, D. Wain, K. Walesby, and B. Ward. 2017. ASIP: Profiling the upper ocean. Oceanography 30(2):33–35, https://doi.org/​10.5670/oceanog.2017.216.

A New Technology for Continuous Long-Range Tracking of Fish and Lobster
Rossby, T., G. Fischer, and M.M. Omand. 2017. A new technology for continuous long-range tracking of fish and lobster. Oceanography 30(2):36–37, https://doi.org/​10.5670/oceanog.2017.217.

Autonomous Multi-Platform Observations During the Salinity Processes in the Upper-ocean Regional Study
Lindstrom, E.J., A.Y. Shcherbina, L. Rainville, J.T. Farrar, L.R. Centurioni, S. Dong, E.A. D’Asaro, C. Eriksen, D.M. Fratantoni, B.A. Hodges, V. Hormann, W.S. Kessler, C.M. Lee, S.C. Riser, L. St. Laurent, and D.L. Volkov. 2017. Autonomous multi-platform observations during the Salinity Processes in the Upper-ocean Regional Study. Oceanography 30(2):38–48, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.218.

Multi-Month Dissipation Estimates Using Microstructure from Autonomous Underwater Gliders
Rainville, L., J.I. Gobat, C.M. Lee, and G.B. Shilling. 2017. Multi-month dissipation estimates using microstructure from autonomous underwater gliders. Oceanography 30(2):49–50, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.219.

Observing Internal Tides in High-Risk Regions Using Co-located Ocean Gliders and Moored ADCPs
Hall, R.A., B. Berx, and M.E. Inall. 2017. Observing internal tides in high-risk regions using co-located ocean gliders and moored ADCPs. Oceanography 30(2):51–52, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.220.

KAUST’s Red Sea Observing System
Jones, B.H., and Y. Kattan. 2017. KAUST’s Red Sea observing system. Oceanography 30(2):53–55, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.221.

An Autonomous Approach to Observing the Seasonal Ice Zone in the Western Arctic
Lee, C.M., J. Thomson, and the Marginal Ice Zone and Arctic Sea State Teams. 2017. An autonomous approach to observing the seasonal ice zone in the western Arctic. Oceanography 30(2):56–68, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.222.

On the Benefit of Current and Future ALPS Data for Improving Arctic Coupled Ocean-Sea Ice State Estimation
Nguyen, A.T., V. Ocaña, V. Garg, P. Heimbach, J.M. Toole, R.A. Krishfield, C.M. Lee, and L. Rainville. 2017. On the benefit of current and future ALPS data for improving Arctic coupled ocean-sea ice state estimation. Oceanography 30(2):69–73, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.223.

Northern Arabian Sea Circulation-Autonomous Research (NASCar): A Research Initiative Based on Autonomous Sensors
Centurioni, L.R., V. Hormann, L.D. Talley, I. Arzeno, L. Beal, M. Caruso, P. Conry, R. Echols, H.J.S. Fernando, S.N. Giddings, A. Gordon, H. Graber, R.R. Harcourt, S.R. Jayne, T.G. Jensen, C.M. Lee, P.F.J. Lermusiaux, P. L’Hegaret, A.J. Lucas, A. Mahadevan, J.L. McClean, G. Pawlak, L. Rainville, S.C. Riser, H. Seo, A.Y. Shcherbina, E. Skyllingstad, J. Sprintall, B. Subrahmanyam, E. Terrill, R.E. Todd, C. Trott, H.N. Ulloa, and H. Wang. 2017. Northern Arabian Sea Circulation-Autonomous Research (NASCar): A research initiative based on autonomous sensors. Oceanography 30(2):74–87, https://doi.org/​10.5670/oceanog.2017.224.

Underwater Glider Observations and the Representation of Western Boundary Currents in Numerical Models
Todd, R.E., and L. Locke-Wynn. 2017. Underwater glider observations and the representation of western boundary currents in numerical models. Oceanography 30(2):88–89, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.225.

Ocean Glider Observations Around Australia
Pattiaratchi, C., L.M. Woo, P.G. Thomson, K.K. Hong, and D. Stanley. 2017. Ocean glider observations around Australia. Oceanography 30(2):90–91, https://doi.org/​10.5670/oceanog.2017.226.

Autonomous and Lagrangian Ocean Observations for Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Studies and Forecasts
Goni, G.J., R.E. Todd, S.R. Jayne, G. Halliwell, S. Glenn, J. Dong, R. Curry, R. Domingues, F. Bringas, L. Centurioni, S.F. DiMarco, T. Miles, J. Morell, L. Pomales, H.-S. Kim, P.E. Robbins, G.G. Gawarkiewicz, J. Wilkin, J. Heiderich, B. Baltes, J.J. Cione, G. Seroka, K. Knee, and E.R. Sanabia. 2017. Autonomous and Lagrangian ocean observations for Atlantic tropical cyclone studies and forecasts. Oceanography 30(2):92–103, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.227.

Sustained Measurements of Southern Ocean Air-Sea Coupling from a Wave Glider Autonomous Surface Vehicle
Thomson, J., and J. Girton. 2017. Sustained measurements of Southern Ocean air-sea coupling from a Wave Glider autonomous surface vehicle. Oceanography 30(2):104–109, https://doi.org/​10.5670/oceanog.2017.228.

Autonomous CTD Profiling from the Robotic Oceanographic Surface Sampler
Nash, J.D., J. Marion, N. McComb, J.S. Nahorniak, R.H. Jackson, C. Perren, D. Winters, A. Pickering, J. Bruslind, O.L. Yong, and S.J.K. Lee. 2017. Autonomous CTD profiling from the Robotic Oceanographic Surface Sampler. Oceanography 30(2):110–112, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.229.

Advances in Ecosystem Research: Saildrone Surveys of Oceanography, Fish, and Marine Mammals in the Bering Sea
Mordy, C.W., E.D. Cokelet, A. De Robertis, R. Jenkins, C.E. Kuhn, N. Lawrence-Slavas, C.L. Berchok, J.L. Crance, J.T. Sterling, J.N. Cross, P.J. Stabeno, C. Meinig, H.M. Tabisola, W. Burgess, and I. Wangen. 2017. Advances in ecosystem research: Saildrone surveys of oceanography, fish, and marine mammals in the Bering Sea. Oceanography 30(2):113–115, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.230.

Measurements of Near-Surface Turbulence and Mixing from Autonomous Ocean Gliders
St. Laurent, L., and S. Merrifield. 2017. Measurements of near-surface turbulence and mixing from autonomous ocean gliders. Oceanography 30(2):116–125, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.231.

Ocean Wave Energy for Long Endurance, Broad Bandwidth Ocean Monitoring
Lucas, A.J., R. Pinkel, and M. Alford. 2017. Ocean wave energy for long endurance, broad bandwidth ocean monitoring. Oceanography 30(2):126–127, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.232.

Using Bio-Optics to Reveal Phytoplankton Physiology from a Wirewalker Autonomous Platform
Omand, M.M., I. Cetinić, and A.J. Lucas. 2017. Using bio-optics to reveal phytoplankton physiology from a Wirewalker autonomous platform. Oceanography 30(2):128–131, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.233.

Marine Mammals Exploring the Oceans Pole to Pole: A Review of the MEOP Consortium
Treasure, A.M., F. Roquet, I.J. Ansorge, M.N. Bester, L. Boehme, H. Bornemann, J.-B. Charrassin, D. Chevallier, D.P. Costa, M.A. Fedak, C. Guinet, M.O. Hammill, R.G. Harcourt, M.A. Hindell, K.M. Kovacs, M.-A. Lea, P. Lovell, A.D. Lowther, C. Lydersen, T. McIntyre, C.R. McMahon, M.M.C. Muelbert, K. Nicholls, B. Picard, G. Reverdin, A.W. Trites, G.D. Williams, and P.J.N. de Bruyn. 2017. Marine Mammals Exploring the Oceans Pole to Pole: A review of the MEOP consortium. Oceanography 30(2):132–138, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.234.

Ocean Observations Using Tagged Animals
Roquet, F., L. Boehme, B. Block, J.-B. Charrassin, D. Costa, C. Guinet, R.G. Harcourt, M.A. Hindell, L.A. Hückstädt, C.R. McMahon, B. Woodward, and M.A. Fedak. 2017. Ocean observations using tagged animals. Oceanography 30(2):139, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.235.

Do Southern Elephant Seals Behave Like Weather Buoys?
Cazau, D., C. Pradalier, J. Bonnel, and C. Guinet. 2017. Do southern elephant seals behave like weather buoys? Oceanography 30(2):140–149, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.236.

Project Recover: Extending the Applications of Unmanned Platforms and Autonomy to Support Underwater MIA Searches
Terrill, E.J., M.A. Moline, P.J. Scannon, E. Gallimore, T. Schramek, A. Nager­, R. Hess, M. Cimino, P.L. Colin, A. Pietruszka, and M.R. Anderson. 2017. Project Recover: Extending the applications of unmanned platforms and autonomy to support underwater MIA searches. Oceanography 30(2):150–159, https://doi.org/​10.5670/oceanog.2017.237.

Satellites to Seafloor: Toward Fully Autonomous Ocean Sampling
Thompson, A.F., Y. Chao, S. Chien, J. Kinsey, M.M. Flexas, Z.K. Erickson, J. Farrara, D. Fratantoni, A. Branch, S. Chu, M. Troesch, B. Claus, and J. Kepper. 2017. Satellites to seafloor: Toward fully autonomous ocean sampling. Oceanography 30(2):160–168, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.238.

Do AUVs Dream of Electric Eels?
Kaeli, J.W. 2017. Do AUVs dream of electric eels? Oceanography 30(2):169–171, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.239.

Optimal Planning and Sampling Predictions for Autonomous and Lagrangian Platforms and Sensors in the Northern Arabian Sea
Lermusiaux, P.F.J., P.J. Haley Jr., S. Jana, A. Gupta, C.S. Kulkarni, C. Mirabito, W.H. Ali, D.N. Subramani, A. Dutt, J. Lin, A.Y. Shcherbina, C.M. Lee, and A. Gangopadhyay. 2017. Optimal planning and sampling predictions for autonomous and Lagrangian platforms and sensors in the northern Arabian Sea. Oceanography 30(2):172–185, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.242.


Ambient Sound at Challenger Deep, Mariana Trench
Dziak, R.P., J.H. Haxel, H. Matsumoto, T.-K. Lau, S. Heimlich, S. Nieukirk, D.K. Mellinger, J. Osse, C. Meinig, N. Delich, and S. Stalin. 2017. Ambient sound at Challenger Deep, Mariana Trench. Oceanography 30(2):186–197, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.240.

Two-Stage Exams: A Powerful Tool for Reducing the Achievement Gap in Undergraduate Oceanography and Geology Classes
Bruno, B.C., J. Engels, G. Ito, J. Gillis-Davis, H. Dulai, G. Carter, C. Fletcher, and D. Böttjer-Wilson. 2017. Two-stage exams: A powerful tool for reducing the achievement gap in undergraduate oceanography and geology classes. Oceanography 30(2):198–208, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.241. 


HANDS-ON OCEANOGRAPHY • Observing the Ocean with Gliders: Techniques for Data Visualization and Analysis
Hanson, C.E., L.M. Woo, P.G. Thomson, and C.B. Pattiaratchi. 2016. Observing the ocean with gliders: Techniques for data visualization and analysis. Oceanography 30(2):222–227, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.210.

QUARTERDECK • Our Awesome, Inspiring US Park Rangers and the Value of Public Service
Kappel, E.S. 2017. Our awesome, inspiring US Park Rangers and the value of public service. Oceanography 30(2):5, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.201.

FROM THE PRESIDENT • Follow the Money
Mix, A.C. 2017. Follow the money. Oceanography 30(2):7–9, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.202.

TRIBUTE • A Tribute to Mike Storms: August 30, 1947–May 6, 2017
Clement, B., M. Malone, P. Delaney, R. Murray, L. Mayer, P. deMenocal, and K. Miller. 2017. A tribute to Mike Storms. Oceanography 30(2):11, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.203.

RIPPLE MARKS • Sushi Bait and Switch: What Fish Are You Really Eating?
Dybas, C.L. 2017. Ripple marks—The story behind the story. Oceanography 30(2):12–14, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.206.

ROGER REVELLE COMMEMORATIVE LECTURE • Swells, Soundings, and Sustainability, but…“Here Be Monsters”
Wright, D.J. 2017. Swells, soundings, and sustainability…but “here be monsters.” Oceanography 30(2):209–221, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.207. 

BOOK REVIEW • A Sea of Glass: Searching for the Blaschkas’ Fragile Legacy in an Ocean at Risk
Robison, B.H. 2017. Review of A Sea of Glass: Searching for the Blaschkas’ Fragile Legacy in an Ocean at Risk, by D. Harvell. Oceanography 30(2):228–229, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2017.212.

CAREER PROFILES • Options and Insights
Career profiles—Options and insights. 2017. Oceanography 30(2):230–232.

Special Issue Guest Editors

Craig Lee, University of Washington
Melissa Omand, University of Rhode Island
Terri Paluszkiewicz, Office of Naval Research
Dan Rudnick, Scripps Institution of Oceanography
Robert Todd, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution


Production of this issue of Oceanography was supported by the Office of Naval Research through a grant to Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego.