Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 22 Issue 02

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Volume 22, No. 2
Pages 14 - 18


"Witch Tree" Embodies Spirit of Lake Superior | No Safe Harbor for "Living Fossil" Fish Along Tanzania's Coast | Total Eclipse of the Art | The Unexpected Rainmakers: Forests—Atmospheric Moisture Pumps—May Be Driving Rainfall

Cheryl Lyn Dybas | Oceanography Contributing Writer

First Paragraph

"Witch Tree" Embodies Spirit of Lake Superior

Black ice cloaks the roads of Grand Portage, Minnesota, five miles from the Canadian border, on this dark February day. The previous night, a foot of snow and freezing rain cut a swath across the state, knocking down trees and power lines. But a gnarled old member of the Grand Portage Band of Minnesota's Ojibwe Indians, exposed to the elements, has lived to tell another tale of hardship and resilience, determination and resourcefulness. The Band member stands rooted, forever fixed, if not in time, in place, on Hat Point along Lake Superior.

No Safe Harbor for "Living Fossil" Fish Along Tanzania's Coast

For 65 million years, they've survived in the depths, these ancient fish called coelacanths. Once thought extinct, in 1938 they were discovered alive and well in the Indian Ocean. For millennia, they lived in obscurity in undersea canyons and caverns off East Africa and the Comoros Islands—until fishers developed shark nets that could reach the coelacanths' last strongholds. Now the fish face a new threat: impending development of a deepwater port in Tanzania...

Total Eclipse of the Art

National parks. Protected environs we hold as examples of the last of Earth's pristine places. But are they? Eclipse, a Web-based artwork program that alters and "corrupts" images of US national and state parks based on air quality within a 65-mile radius, has the answer: in many cases, they're not. The brainchild of digital and new media artists Cary Peppermint of Colgate University and Leila Christine Nadir, who teaches at Colgate and Columbia universities, Eclipse reveals what the human eye can't see: air pollution compromising America's parks...

The Unexpected Rainmakers: Forests—Atmospheric Moisture Pumps—May Be Driving Rainfall

Indigenous peoples in forested regions have long believed that trees "attract" rain, although some climate scientists might disagree. A new hypothesis suggests that the locals may be correct. In a paper in the April 2009 issue of the journal BioScience, scientists Douglas Sheil of the Institute of Tropical Forest Conservation, Mbarara University of Science and Technology in Kabale, Uganda, and Daniel Murdiyarso of the Center for International Forestry Research in Jakarta, Indonesia, suggest that forests play a much greater role in determining rainfall than previously recognized...


Dybas, C.L. 2009. Ripple marks—The story behind the story. Oceanography 22(2):14–18, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.56.

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