Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society

Volume 34 | Number 1 | March 2021

Special Issue on the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative: Ten Years of Oil Spill and Ecosystem Science

On the Cover: The cover artwork represents the Gulf of Mexico as one of the most prolific and complex bodies of water on the planet. The Gulf is a critical habitat for marine life, while also being one of the most heavily trafficked and utilized bodies of water on the planet. The cover illustrates this delicate balance.  Image created by Jason Mallett, Consortium for Ocean Leadership
Cover PDF
Volume 34 Issue 01

FROM THE GUEST EDITORS • About the Special Issue
Colwell, R., J. Shepherd, M. Feldman, C. Wilson, R. Shaw, and M. Leinen. 2021. About the Special Issue. Oceanography 34(1):15, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.113.

From Disaster to Understanding: Formation and Accomplishments of the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative
Zimmermann, L.A., M.G. Feldman, D.S. Benoit, M.J. Carron, N.M. Dannreuther, K.H. Fillingham, J.C. Gibeaut, J.L. Petitt, J.B. Ritchie, R.R. Rossi, S.H. Sempier, J.K. Shaw, J.L. Swanseen, C.A. Wilson, C.J. Yanoff, and R.R. Colwell. 2021. From disaster to understanding: Formation and accomplishments of the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative. Oceanography 34(1):16–29, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.114.

The Gulf of Mexico: An Overview
McKinney, L.D., J.G. Shepherd, C.A. Wilson, W.T. Hogarth, J. Chanton, S.A. Murawski, P.A. Sandifer, T. Sutton, D. Yoskowitz, K. Wowk, T.M. Özgökmen, S.B. Joye, and R. Caffey. 2021. The Gulf of Mexico: An overview. Oceanography 34(1):30–43, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.115.

What Was Released? Assessing the Physical Properties and Chemical Composition of Petroleum and Products of Burned Oil
Rullkötter, J., and J.W. Farrington. 2021. What was released? Assessing the physical properties and chemical composition of petroleum and products of burned oil. Oceanography 34(1):44–57, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.116.

Physical Transport Processes that Affect the Distribution of Oil in the Gulf of Mexico: Observations and Modeling
Boufadel, M., A. Bracco, E.P. Chassignet, S.S. Chen, E. D’Asaro, W.K. Dewar, O. Garcia-Pineda, D. Justić, J. Katz, V.H. Kourafalou, I.R. MacDonald, T.M. Özgökmen, C.B. Paris-Limouzy, S.S. Socolofsky, D. Halpern, and J.G. Shepherd. 2021. Physical transport processes that affect the distribution of oil in the Gulf of Mexico: Observations and modeling. Oceanography 34(1):58–75, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.117.

Biogeochemical Processes Affecting the Fate of Discharged Deepwater Horizon Gas and Oil: New Insights and Remaining Gaps in Our Understanding
Farrington, J.W., E.B. Overton, and U. Passow. 2021. Biogeochemical processes affecting the fate of discharged Deepwater Horizon gas and oil: New insights and remaining gaps in our understanding. Oceanography 34(1):76–97, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.118.

A Decade of GoMRI Dispersant Science: Lessons Learned and Recommendations for the Future
Quigg, A., J.W. Farrington, S. Gilbert, S.A. Murawski, and V.T. John. 2021. A decade of GoMRI dispersant science: Lessons learned and recommendations for the future. Oceanography 34(1):98–111, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.119.

Considerations for Scientists Getting Involved in Oil Spill Research
Halanych, K.M., and D.G. Westerholm. 2021. Considerations for scientists getting involved in oil spill research. Oceanography 34(1):112–123, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.120.

GoMRI Insights into Microbial Genomics and Hydrocarbon Bioremediation Response in Marine Ecosystems
Weiman, S., S.B. Joye, J.E. Kostka, K.M. Halanych, and R.R. Colwell. 2021. GoMRI insights into microbial genomics and hydrocarbon bioremediation response in marine ecosystems. Oceanography 34(1):124–135, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.121.

Impacts of Petroleum, Petroleum Components, and Dispersants on Organisms and Populations
Murawski, S.A., M. Grosell, C. Smith, T. Sutton, K.M. Halanych, R.F. Shaw, and C.A. Wilson. 2021. Impacts of petroleum, petroleum components, and dispersants on organisms and populations. Oceanography 34(1):136–151, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.122.

Effects of Petroleum By-Products and Dispersants on Ecosystems
Halanych, K.M., C.H. Ainsworth, E.E. Cordes, R.E. Dodge, M. Huettel, I.A. Mendelssohn, S.A. Murawski, C.B. Paris-Limouzy, P.T. Schwing, R.F. Shaw, and T. Sutton. 2021. Effects of petroleum by-products and dispersants on ecosystems. Oceanography 34(1):152–163, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.123.

Prospects for Gulf of Mexico Environmental Recovery and Restoration
Wiesenburg, D.A., B. Shipp, F.J. Fodrie, S. Powers, J. Lartigue, K.M. Darnell, M.M. Baustian, C. Ngo, J.F. Valentine, and K. Wowk. 2021. Prospects for Gulf of Mexico environmental recovery and restoration. Oceanography 34(1):164–173, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.124.

Human Health and Socioeconomic Effects of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico
Sandifer, P.A., A. Ferguson, M.L. Finucane, M. Partyka, H.M. Solo-Gabriele, A.H. Walker, K. Wowk, R. Caffey, and D. Yoskowitz. 2021. Human health and socioeconomic effects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Oceanography 34(1):174–191, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.125.

Technological Developments Since the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
Dannreuther, N.M., D. Halpern, J. Rullkötter, and D. Yoerger. 2021. Technological developments since the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Oceanography 34(1):192–211, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.126.

Preparedness, Planning, and Advances in Operational Response
Westerholm, D.G., C.H. Ainsworth, C.H. Barker, P.G. Brewer, J.W. Farrington, D. Justić, V.H. Kourafalou, S.A. Murawski, J.G. Shepherd, and H.M. Solo-Gabriele. 2021. Preparedness, planning, and advances in operational response. Oceanography 34(1):212–227, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.127.

Summary of Findings and Research Recommendations from the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative
Wilson, C.A., M.G. Feldman, M.J. Carron, N.M. Dannreuther, J.W. Farrington, K.M. Halanych, J.L. Petitt, J. Rullkötter, P.A. Sandifer, J.K. Shaw, J.G. Shepherd, D.G. Westerholm, C.J. Yanoff, and L.A. Zimmermann. 2021. Summary of findings and research recommendations from the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative. Oceanography 34(1):228–239, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.128.


Moored Observations of Current and Temperature in the Alas Strait: Collected for Submarine Tailing Placement, Used for Calculating the Indonesian Throughflow
Susanto, R.D., J.M. Waworuntu, W. Prayogo, and A. Setianto. 2021. Moored observations of current and temperature in the Alas Strait: Collected for submarine tailing placement, used for calculating the Indonesian Throughflow. Oceanography 34(1):240–248, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.103.

The Rise of Dynamical Oceanography—A Fragmentary Historical Note: The Stommel-Munk Correspondence, 1947–1953
Wunsch, C. 2021. The rise of dynamical oceanography—​A fragmentary historical note: The Stommel-Munk correspondence, 1947–1953. Oceanography 34(1):249–253, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.101.


QUARTERDECK • Oceanography Happenings
Kappel, E. 2021. Oceanography happenings. Oceanography 34(1):5, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.107.

FROM THE PRESIDENT • TOS Makes Progress on its Strategy 2030: Looking to the Future
Lavery, A.C. 2021. TOS makes progress on its Strategy 2030: Looking to the future. Oceanography 34(1):7, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.108.

FROM THE TOS JEDI COMMITTEE • TOS Expands Efforts to Promote Justice, Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion in the Ocean Sciences
Meyer-Gutbrod, E., F. Muller-Karger, and the TOS Justice, Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion Committee. 2021. TOS expands efforts to promote justice, equity, diversity, and inclusion in the ocean sciences. Oceanography 34(1):9, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.109.

TRIBUTE • Larry Philip Atkinson (1941–2020)
Cutter, G., and L. Codispoti. 2021. Larry Philip Atkinson (1941–2020). Oceanography 34(1):10–11, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.106.

RIPPLE MARKS • Surgical Masks on the Beach: COVID-19 and Marine Plastic Pollution
Dybas, C.L. 2021. Surgical masks on the beach: COVID-19 and marine plastic pollution. Oceanography 34(1):12–14, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.105.

OCEAN EDUCATION • Interdisciplinary Research Collaborative Trains Students to See Through Turbulent Systems
Cammen, K., G. Marafino, S. Burton, J. Dow, E. Dullaert, M. Jorge, K. Macolini, L. McGarry, C. Tremblay, J. Jansujwicz, T. Johnson, L. Ross, and G. Zydlewski. 2021. Interdisciplinary research collaborative trains students to see through turbulent systems. Oceanography 34(1):254–265, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.102.

OCEAN EDUCATION • Virtual and Remote—Hands-On Undergraduate Research in Plankton Ecology During the 2020 Pandemic: COVID-19 Can’t Stop This!
Marrec, P., A. Miller, L. Maranda, and S. Menden-Deuer. 2021. Virtual and remote—Hands-on undergraduate research in plankton ecology during the 2020 pandemic: COVID-19 can’t stop this! Oceanography 34(1):266–273, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.104.

Boxall, S. 2021. A new way of learning. Oceanography 34(1):274–275, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.110.

Farrell, J.W. 2021. Career profiles—Options and insights. Oceanography 34(1): 276–277, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.111.

Wiese, F.K. 2021. Career profiles—Options and insights. Oceanography 34(1):278–279, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.112.

Special Issue Guest Editors

Rita Colwell, University of Maryland
John Shepherd, University of Southampton
Michael Feldman, Consortium for Ocean Leadership
Chuck Wilson, Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative
Rick Shaw, Louisiana State University
Margaret Leinen, Scripps Institution of Oceanography


Production of this issue of Oceanography was supported by the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative.